Some of the biggest mishaps around marinas involve a captain who maneuvers into a slip and then conducts a Chinese fire drill trying to make fast the lines. The results? Boats smash into pilings, bang the bow pulpit or the props against a bulkhead, or even lose a passenger overboard. Once I watched a dock helper break his arm between the gunwale and concrete. In each case the captain would have been better off with some help from a “deck ape.”
The term deck ape is Navy slang for the jack-of-all-trades sailor who handles the lines, manages cargo loads, does routine maintenance and cleaning, and stands lookout, if needed. It’s a lowly role in terms of naval hierarchy but it’s a vital one. Here are five “deck seamanship” responsibilities a captain should designate to his ablest (most apelike?) friend so he can keep focus at the helm.
An ape needs to know three basic line skills when situations call for these: a cleat hitch, a clove hitch and a bowline.
When tying to a cleat, always take a round turn around the base before doing figure eights around the horns. That way you’ll always be able to loosen the line, even if the tide drops out. Finish with a half hitch.
The clove hitch is one of the simplest ways to secure a line to a piling. It’s basically two identical loops stacked on top of each other that, when tightened, form half hitches.
The bowline can be used to make fast to a piling, mooring or cleat, or can be made in advance any time a nonslip loop will be needed. All can be mastered with about 10 minutes of practice. (For instructions, go to boatingmag.com/boating-knots.)
Before dropping anchor, make sure he’s secured the bitter end. No duh? Don’t wait until the whole rode disappears. Also, slowly lower the anchor — don’t throw it — under (not over) the bow rail and work the line out hand-over-hand to prevent tangles. Try marking off depths with tape or paint — green for 25 feet, red for 50 feet and so on — so a novice ape will stream out the right length.